Truck and Track Spring 2024 Spring 2024 Truck and Track 63 DANGEROUS GOODS Packing Group Flash Point Initial Boiling Point Refi ned Petroleum Fraction I <-40°C <=35°C Petrol/ Gasoline II <23°C >35°C Jet AI/ Kerosene III >=23°C, <=60°C >35°C Diesel/Derv In terms of refined petroleum from distillation, we see that Petrol/Gasoline is PG I as it is the most flammable (and therefore the most problematical in a release or leakage situation), while Diesel/Derv is of a lower hazard, due to its higher initial boiling point and higher flash point. While Jet Fuel (aka Jet A1) which is within the Kerosene fraction, resides between the two ‘cuts’ (Gasoline to Diesel). In practical terms, a spillage of Petrol (aka Gasoline/Motor Spirit) is far more worrying than a spillage of Diesel in terms of risk of catching fire/ignition from a spark or heat due to the higher Flash Point of PG III. Even in Russia or the Ukraine, a spillage of Petrol poses a risk of fire, even on ice, while a Diesel spillage in sub-zero temperatures forms a petroleum jelly/wax, one that will not ‘flash’ unless exposed to temperatures at the flash point. So, with Fuels, Solvents, Oils, Surface Coatings Products (including Paints, Varnishes, Adhesives), Cleaning Products, Alcohols, Ethers, Lacquers etc derived from Petroleum refining, we can understand why Class 3 makes up such a large proportion of Dangerous Goods on our roads, close to half of all ADR products. Because of Class 3, and the preponderance of flammable liquids that form part of our society, we need a robust Fire and Rescue Service on standby at all times. This is why Fire Risk Assessments are mandatory for all industrial organisations, and why many general logistics companies (including some parcel carriers) are now refusing to carry Class 3. As such, it falls under ADR regulations and carriers realise the potential problems, including insurance and staff welfare. If you still ‘black-wrap’ Class 3, in order to ‘limbo dance’ under the ADR regulations then you are unethical and could be invalidating your insurance policies – as you place profit over the lives and property of others. Remember – pleading ignorance is no excuse. When it comes to storage/warehousing of Class 3 materials, the site has a legal/regulatory responsibility to ensure – ■ Risk Assessments, especially Fire Risk Assessments, are documented and regularly reviewed. ■ Countermeasures, fire detection, fire prevention, fire alarm systems, fire extinguishers and onsite fire (emergency) drills/ protocols are in place, reviewed, updated and documented. ■ Operational Safe Systems of Work (SSoW) and Standard Operational Procedures (SOP) are coupled to robust Change Control Protocols that factor in the flammability risk in the assessment. ■ Staff Training (including statutory first aid) is carried out and documented. ■ An understanding and adherence to limits of storage in terms of named substances as well as aggregated quantities of risk Class 3 and their associated risk phrases (R1 to R68 and combinations) and safety phrases (S1 to S64 and combinations). (a) sub-COMAH (b) lower tier COMAH regulations (c) higher tier COMAH regulations Remember the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) – which are intended to form a set of standardized phrases about the hazards of chemical substances and mixtures that can be translated into different languages. ■ The Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (DSEAR) which require employers to control the risks to safety from fire, explosions and substances corrosive to metals. Note that in 2015, these regulations were augmented so they also cover substances that are corrosive to metals and gases under pressure. It places a formal requirement on employers to assess the risks for substances if classified for these properties and put in place suitable control and mitigation measures. ■ And crucially good housekeeping, ensuring flammability and combustibility risks are managed adroitly. Site perimeter, security issues, proximity of flammable material (Class 3) to Oxidising and Organic Peroxides (Class 5.1 and 5.2), to gases (Class 2), overflowing bins, dust, scrap wood, broken pallets and waste paper must be kept away from flammable materials. TRUCK & TRAILER SOLUTIONS WELCOME TOALLPORTS GROUP Vehicle Graphics External Signage Covid-19 H & S Signage Promotional Signage