Truck and Track Spring 2024 Spring 2024 Truck and Track 59 DANGEROUS GOODS important fissile materials are uranium and plutonium. There are specific UN numbers that reflect packages containing fissile material — these are designed, tested and approved to ensure that the material will not be able to enter the specific conditions for fission to occur during transport or due to accidents. Class 7 hazards are different to those of the other recognised hazard classes. What initial actions should be taken at the time of an incident? Consignors and carriers of radioactive material are required to have suitable and sufficient IRR17 radiation risk assessments* in place before they transport any radioactive material. These risk assessments should inform the type of emergency arrangements that are required to be produced, CDG emergency plans when there is more potential for significant incidents to happen and IRR17 contingency plans when there is less potential for significant incidents to happen. These arrangements will detail the specific action to be taken in the unlikely event of an incident. However, individuals should stay as far away as possible from any incident scene. If leaving the scene, do not approach or touch any packages whether they appear to be damaged or not. Do not touch or make contact with liquids or substances which may have leaked from packages and stay or move upwind of the scene of the incident. More detail on this is provided on ONR’s website: Prior information to the public- Radiation Emergencies during the transport of radioactive material*. Is specific training required for consigning and transporting Class 7 dangerous goods? All staff involved in the transport of Class 7 dangerous goods should be provided with basic radiation protection training, dependant on their role, and this should be provided by appointed Radiation Protection Advisers (RPAs). Additionally, most companies should appoint a Dangerous Goods Safety Adviser (DGSA) to provide them with specific transport compliance advice and transport specific training which should include security considerations. Section 3 of ONR’s Dangerous Goods Safety Adviser Guidance* provides information on DGSA Class 7 dangerous goods training, which is summarised as follows: DGSAs should be suitably trained and hold the road/rail ‘all’ classes qualification for the nine classes of dangerous goods. For DGSAs advising dutyholders on Class 7 dangerous goods, the additional Class 7 training course, designed by the Radioactive Materials Transport Users Committee (RAMTUC), is recognised by ONR as relevant good practice. The course contents are designed to provide additional Class 7 specific compliance information. DGSAs should also be able to demonstrate that they have the necessary knowledge and experience to make them suitable to appropriately advise transport dutyholders. Does ONR deliver training or are there specialist trainers for Class 7 dangerous goods? ONR doesn’t deliver Class 7 dangerous goods training, but there are specialist trainers who do provide it. Anyone interested in this should ensure the trainer meets the requirements of the Class 7 dangerous goods course designed by the RAMTUC. Are many Class 7 dangerous goods transported by rail? If so, what are the benefits? Class 7 dangerous goods are transported by rail. This is especially beneficial for large loads, usually associated with the nuclear industry. I have heard of the RADSAFE scheme for Emergency Response to transport incidents — how does this work? RADSAFE is a private company, limited by guarantee, that offers mutual assistance in the event of a transport accident involving radioactive materials belonging to a RADSAFE member. RADSAFE itself does not constitute transport dutyholders emergency or contingency plans required by CDG or IRR17, but it can form part of their plans, which in addition to the RADSAFE response, should include details of what drivers and office staff receiving emergency calls are required to do, and the reporting requirements etc. ONR has published guidance on planning for transport emergencies*. ONR attends and presents at industry seminars